The National Gallery of Art was conceived and given to the people of the United States by Andrew W. Mellon (1855–1937). Mellon was a financier and art collector from Pittsburgh who came to Washington in 1921 to serve as secretary of the treasury. During his years of public service he came to believe that the United States should have a national art museum equal to those of other great nations.
In 1936 Mellon wrote to President Franklin D. Roosevelt offering to donate his superb art collection for a new museum and to use his own funds to construct a building for its use. With the president's support, Congress accepted Mellon's gift, which included a sizable endowment, and established the National Gallery of Art in March 1937. Construction began that year at a site on the National Mall along Constitution Avenue between Fourth and Seventh Street NW, near the foot of Capitol Hill.
Art in the Classroom posters include activities that encourage careful looking, creative writing, and other curriculum connections. Educators may request a free, full-size color print poster by completing the online form on the National Gallery of Art website.
The Farm (La masi´a) by Joan Miró
This bilingual poster of The Farm by Spanish artist Joan Miró is designed to be a primary source for you to display and use in your classroom. The poster offers opportunities to develop content knowledge about a Spanish modern artist, his artistic process, and the idea of identity expressed through art.
Shaw Memorial by Augustus Saint-Gaudens
This poster offers information and activities to encourage students to consider the perspectives of Civil War soldiers through careful looking at art images and use of creative writing prompts. It explores the artistic challenges of creating a meaningful memorial and tasks students with conceptualizing their own memorials.
The Railway by Edouard Manet
Edouard Manet's painting The Railway, takes place in the vicinity of the Gare Saint-Lazare train station in Paris, France, in the 1870s. Manet, a native Parisian, was convinced that art should concern itself with modern life, and he painted the people and places of Paris that he observed firsthand.
This offer is only valid for residents of:
- United States